Sustainability of Digital Formats
 Planning for Library of Congress Collections

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Format Descriptions >> Format Description Categories >> Browse Alphabetical List >> Format Descriptions as XML

Browse alphabetical list


 A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z 

A

  • AAF
  • AAF_1_1, Advanced Authoring Format (AAF), Version 1.1
  • AAC
  • AAC_MP2, Advanced Audio Coding, MPEG-2
  • AAC_ADIF, Advanced Audio Coding, MPEG-2, Audio Data Interchange Format
  • AAC_MP4, Advanced Audio Coding, MPEG-4
  • AAC_MP4_LC, AAC (MPEG-4) Low Complexity Object
  • MP4_FF_2_AAC, MPEG-4 File Format, V.2, with Advanced Audio Coding
  • QTA_AAC, QuickTime Audio, AAC Codec
  • AC-3
  • AC-3_A, AC-3 Compressed Audio (Dolby Digital), Revision A
  • ADRG
  • ADRG, Arc Digitized Raster Graphic (ADRG)
  • AES3
  • AES3, AES3, Digital Audio Interface Format
  • AES3_SMPTE, AES3 Digital Audio Interface, SMPTE Extensions
  • AIFF
  • AIFF, Audio Interchange File Format
  • AIFF_LPCM, AIFF File Format with LPCM Audio
  • A-Law
  • A-Law, A-Law Compressed Sound Format
  • AMR
  • AMR, Adaptive Multi-Rate Speech Codec
  • AMR-WB, Adaptive Multi-Rate - Wideband Speech Codec
  • AMR-WB+, Extended Adaptive Multi-Rate - Wideband Speech Codec
  • ARC_IA
  • ARC_IA, Internet Archive ARC file format
  • ArcInfo_Coverage
  • ArcInfo_Coverage, ESRI ArcInfo Coverage
  • ASF
  • ASF, Advanced Systems Format
  • AudCom
  • AudCom, Audible.Com File Format
  • AudCom_MP3, Audible.Com MP3
  • AVI
  • AVI, Audio Video Interleaved
  • AVI_FFV1, AVI File Format with FFV1 Video Encoding
  • AVI_MJPEG, AVI, MJPEG Codec
  • AVI_Indeo, AVI, Indeo Codec
  • AVI_Cinepak, AVI, Cinepak Codec
  • AVI_DivX, AVI, DivX Codec
  • AVI_V210, AVI File Format with V210 Encoding
  • AVI_UYVY, AVI File Format with UYVY Encoding
  • AVI_YUY2, AVI File Format with YUY2 Encoding

B

  • BigTIFF
  • BigTIFF
  • BIIF
  • BIIF, Basic Image Interchange Format
  • BIL
  • BIL_enc, Band Interleaved by Line (BIL) Encoding
  • BIL_file, Band Interleaved by Line (BIL) Image File
  • BIP
  • BIP_enc, Band Interleaved by Pixel (BIP) Encoding
  • BIP_file, Band Interleaved by Pixel (BIP) Image File
  • BMP
  • BMP_5, Bitmap Image File (BMP), Version 5
  • BSQ
  • BSQ_enc, Band Sequential (BSQ) Encoding
  • BSQ_file, Band SeQuential (BSQ) Image File
  • BWF
  • WAVE_BWF_1, Broadcast WAVE Audio File Format, Version 1
  • WAVE_BWF_2, Broadcast WAVE Audio File Format, Version 2
  • WAVE_BWF_LPCM_1, Broadcast WAVE Audio File Format, Version 1, with LPCM Audio
  • WAVE_BWF_LPCM_2, Broadcast WAVE Audio File Format, Version 2, with LPCM Audio

C

  • CAM_RAW
  • CAM_RAW, Camera Raw Formats (Group Description)
  • CDF
  • CDF, Common Data Format (datasets)
  • CFB
  • CFB_3, Microsoft Compound File Binary File Format, Version 3
  • CFB_4, Microsoft Compound File Binary File Format, Version 4
  • Cinepak
  • Cinepak, video codec
  • CPC
  • CPC, Cartesian Perceptual Compression Encoding (CPC)
  • CR2
  • CR2 included in CAM_RAW, Camera Raw Formats (Group Description)
  • CSV
  • CSV_strict, Comma Separated Values (RFC 4180)
  • CRW
  • CRW included in CAM_RAW, Camera Raw Formats (Group Description)

D

  • DBF
  • DBF, dBASE Table File Format
  • DCI (Digital Cinema Initiative)
  • DCDM_1_0, Digital Cinema Initiative Distribution Master (DCDM), Version 1.0
  • DCP_1_0, Digital Cinema Initiative Package (DCP), Version 1.0
  • DCR
  • DCR included in CAM_RAW, Camera Raw Formats (Group Description)
  • DEM
  • DEM, Digital Elevation Model
  • DivX
  • DivX_5, Version 5 (video codec)
  • DLS
  • DLS_1_1b, Downloadable Sounds Format, Version 1.1b
  • DNG
  • DNG_1_1, Adobe Digital Negative (DNG), Version 1.1
  • DOQ
  • DOQ, Digital Orthophotos (DOQ & DOQQ)
  • DPX
  • DPX_2, Digital Moving-Picture Exchange (DPX), Version 2.0
  • DRG
  • DRG_as_TIFF, Digital Raster Graphic as TIFF
  • DSD
  • DSD, One-bit Delta Sigma Audio Encoding (DSD)
  • DSDIFF, Direct Stream Digital Interchange File Format, Version 1.5
  • DTB
  • DTB_2002, DTB (Digital Talking Book), 2002
  • DTB_2002_NLS, DTB (Digital Talking Book), NLS Extension for AMR-WB+ Speech Codec
  • DTB_2005, DTB (Digital Talking Book), 2005
  • DTS
  • DTS, Digital Theater Systems Audio Formats
  • DV
  • DV, Digital Video Encoding (DV, DVCAM, DVCPRO)
  • DV-DIF, DV-DIF (Digital Video Digital Interface Format)

E

  • E00
  • E00, ESRI ArcInfo interchange file (E00)
  • EML
  • EML, Email (Electronic Mail Format)
  • EPUB
  • EPUB_2, EPUB, Electronic Publication, Version 2
  • EPUB_3, EPUB, Electronic Publication, Version 3
  • ESRI
  • ArcInfo_Coverage, ESRI ArcInfo Coverage
  • E00, ESRI ArcInfo interchange file (E00)
  • ESRI_grid, ESRI ArcInfo Grid
  • ESRI_shape, ESRI Shapefile
  • GeoDB, ESRI Arc Geodatabase
  • GeoDB_file, ESRI Geodatabase (File-based)
  • GeoDB_SDE, ESRI Geodatabase ArcSDE
  • GeoDB_XML, ESRI Geodatabase XML
  • Shape_DBF, dBase Table for ESRI Shapefile (DBF)
  • Exif
  • Exif 2.2 Exif Exchangeable Image File Format, Version 2.2

F

  • FITS , Flexible Image Transport System
  • FITS_3, FITS, Version 3.0
  • FLAC
  • FLAC_1_1_2, FLAC (Free Lossless Audio Codec), Version 1.1.2
  • Flash (SWF, FLA, FLV)
  • SWF_7, Macromedia Flash SWF File Format, Version 7
  • SWF_8, Macromedia Flash SWF File Format, Version 8
  • FLA, Macromedia Flash FLA Project File Format
  • FLV, Macromedia Flash FLV Video File Format
  • FFV1
  • FFV1, FF Videocodec 1

G

  • GIF
  • GIF_89a, Graphics Interchange Format, Version 89a
  • GeoDB
  • GeoDB, ESRI Arc Geodatabase
  • GeoDB_file, ESRI Geodatabase (File-based)
  • GeoDB_SDE, ESRI Geodatabase ArcSDE
  • GeoDB_XML, ESRI Geodatabase XML
  • GeoJSON
  • GeoJSON_1_0, GeoJSON, Version 1.0
  • GeoPDF
  • GeoPDF_2_2, GeoPDF (TerraGo) Encoding, Version 2.2
  • Another PDF variant with embedded geospatial encoding is PDF_geospatial, PDF, Adobe Geospatial Encoding (PDF Version 1.7, ExtensionLevel 3)
  • GeoTIFF
  • GeoTIFF, GeoTIFF Revision 1.0
  • GML
  • GML, Geography Markup Language
  • GMLJP2, GML in JPEG 2000 for Geographic Imagery

H

  • H.26n ITU-T video encoding standards
  • H.261, see MPEG-1, MPEG-1 Video Coding
  • H.262, see MPEG-2, MPEG-2 Video Coding
  • H.263, see MPEG-4_V, MPEG-4, Visual Coding (Part 2)
  • H.264, see MPEG-4_AVC, MPEG-4, Advanced Video Coding (Part 10)
  • HDF, Hierarchical Data Format
  • HDF4, Hierarchical Data Format, Version 4 and earlier
  • HDF4map, HDF4 File Content Map
  • HDF5, Hierarchical Data Format, Version 5
  • HDF-EOS
  • HDF-EOS, Hierarchical Data Format-Earth Observing System (based on HDF4)
  • HD Photo
  • WMP_1_0, HD Photo, Version 1.0 (Windows Media Photo)

I

  • ID3
  • ID3, ID3 Metadata for MP3
  • ID3v1, ID3, version 1
  • ID3v2, ID3, version 2
  • IFF
  • IFF, Electronic Arts Interchange File Format 1985
  • IMF
  • IMF, Internal Message Format
  • Indeo
  • Indeo_3, Version 3 (video codec)
  • Indeo_5, Version 5 (video codec)
  • ISO
  • ISO_8211, ISO/IEC 8211 Data Descriptive File (DDF)
  • ISO_BMFF, ISO Base Media File Format
  • ISO_image, ISO Disk Image File Format
  • ITU_G4
  • ITU_G4, ITU-T Group 4 FAX Compression

J

  • JPEG
  • JPEG, JPEG Image Encoding Family
  • JPEG_DCT_BL, JPEG DCT Compression Encoding, Baseline
  • JPEG_DCT_PRG, JPEG DCT Compression Encoding, Progressive
  • JPEG_DCT_EXT, JPEG DCT Compression Encoding, Extensions
  • JPEG_orig_LL, JPEG Original Lossless Compression (ISO/IEC 10918)
  • JPEG-LS, JPEG Lossless Compression(ISO/IEC 14995)
  • JFIF_1_02, JPEG File Interchange Format, Version 1.02
  • SPIFF, Still Picture Interchange Format
  • JPEG_EXIF, JPEG Encoded File with Exif Metadata
  • JPEG 2000 Encodings
  • J2K_C, JPEG 2000 Part 1, Core Coding System
  • J2K_C_LL, JPEG 2000 Part 1, Core Coding, Lossless Compression
  • J2K_C_LSY, JPEG 2000 Part 1, Core Coding, Lossy Compression
  • J2K_C_Profile_0, JPEG 2000 Part 1, Core Coding, Profile 0
  • J2K_C_Profile_1, JPEG 2000 Part 1, Core Coding, Profile 1
  • J2K_C_Profile_3, JPEG 2000 Part 1, Core Coding, Profile 3
  • J2K_C_Profile_4, JPEG 2000 Part 1, Core Coding, Profile 4
  • J2K_C_BIIF_01_00, JPEG 2000 Part 1, Core Coding, BIIF Profile (v. 01.00)
  • J2K_C_NDNP, JPEG 2000 Part 1, Core Coding, NDNP Profile
  • J2K_EXT, JPEG 2000 Part 2, Coding Extensions
  • JPEG 2000 File Formats
  • JP2_FF, JPEG 2000 Part 1 (Core) jp2 File Format
  • JPX_FF, JPEG 2000 Part 2 (Extensions) jpf File Format
  • JPM_FF, JPEG 2000 Part 6 (Compound) jpm File Format
  • JPEG 2000 File Formats with Encoded Bitstreams
  • JP2_J2K_C_LL, JP2 File Format with JPEG 2000 Core Coding, Lossless
  • JP2_J2K_C_LSY, JP2 File Format with JPEG 2000 Core Coding, Lossy
  • JP2_J2K_C_Profile_0, JP2 File Format with JPEG 2000 Core Coding, Profile 0
  • JP2_J2K_C_Profile_1, JP2 File Format with JPEG 2000 Core Coding, Profile 1
  • JP2_J2K_C_Profile_3, JP2 File Format with JPEG 2000 Core Coding, Profile 3
  • JP2_J2K_C_Profile_4, JP2 File Format with JPEG 2000 Core Coding, Profile 4
  • JP2_J2K_C_BIFF_01_00, JP2 File Format with JPEG 2000 Core Coding, BIIF Profile (v. 01.00)
  • JP2_J2K_C_NDNP, JP2 File Format with JPEG 2000 Core Coding, NDNP Profile
  • JSON
  • JSON, JSON (Javascript Object Notation)

K

  • KDC
  • KDC included in CAM_RAW, Camera Raw Formats (Group Description)
  • KML
  • KML_2_2, Version 2.2

L

  • LPCM
  • LPCM, Linear Pulse Code Modulated Audio
  • LZW
  • LZW, LZW Compression Encoding

M

  • MapInfo
  • MapInfo, MapInfo Dataset Format
  • MapInfo_DAT, MapInfo Data File
  • Matroska
  • Matroska, Matroska Multimedia Container
  • Matroska_AVC, Matroska File Format with MPEG-4, Advanced Video Coding (Part 10) (H.264)
  • Matroska_FFV1, Matroska File Format with FFV1 Video Encoding
  • Matroska_LPCM, Matroska File Format with LPCM Audio Encoding
  • Matroska_MP3, Matroska File Format with MP3 Audio Encoding
  • Matroska_MPEG-2, Matroska File Format with MPEG-2 Video Encoding (H.262)
  • Matroska_V210, Matroska File Format with V210 Video Encoding
  • Matroska_UYVY, Matroska File Format with UYVY Video Encoding
  • Matroska_YUY2, Matroska File Format with YUY2 Video Encoding
  • MBOX family
  • MBOX, MBOX Email Format
  • MBOXO, MBOXO Email Format
  • MBOXRD, MBOXRD Email Format
  • MBOXCL, MBOXCL Email Format
  • MBOXCL2, MBOXCL2 Email Format
  • MIDI
  • MIDI_SD, MIDI Sequence Data
  • MJPEG
  • MJPEG, Motion JPEG
  • MJP2
  • MJP2_FF, Motion JPEG 2000 File Format
  • MODS
  • MODS, Module Music Format (Mods)
  • MP2
  • MPEG_layer_2_audio, MPEG-1 and MPEG-2 Layer II Audio Encoding
  • MP3
  • MP3_ENC, MP3 Encoding (MPEG Layer III Audio Encoding)
  • MP3_FF, MP3 File Format
  • MPEG-1
  • MPEG-1, MPEG-1 Video Coding (H.261)
  • MP3_ENC, MP3 Encoding (MPEG Layer III Audio Encoding)
  • MPEG-2
  • MPEG-2_family, MPEG-2 Encoding Family
  • MPEG-2, MPEG-2 Video Coding (H.262)
  • MPEG-2_SP, MPEG-2, Simple Profile
  • MPEG-2_MP, MPEG-2, Main Profile
  • MPEG-2_MP_layer_2, MPEG-2 File with Main Profile Video and Layer II Audio Encoding
  • MPEG-2_422, MPEG-2, 4:2:2 Profile
  • MPEG-2_422_layer 2, MPEG-2 File with 422 Video and Layer II Audio Encoding
  • MP3_ENC, MP3 Encoding (MPEG Layer III Audio Encoding)
  • MPEG-4 Video Encodings
  • MPEG-4_V, MPEG-4, Visual Coding (Part 2) (H.263)
  • MPEG-4_V_ASP, MPEG-4, Visual Coding, Advanced Simple Profile
  • MPEG-4_V_CP, MPEG-4, Visual Coding, Core Profile
  • MPEG-4_V_MP, MPEG-4, Visual Coding, Main Profile
  • MPEG-4_V_SP, MPEG-4, Visual Coding, Simple Profile
  • MPEG-4_V_SSP, MPEG-4, Visual Coding, Simple Scalable Profile
  • MPEG-4_V_SStP, MPEG-4, Visual Coding, Simple Studio Profile
  • MPEG-4_AVC, MPEG-4, Advanced Video Coding (Part 10) (H.264)
  • MPEG-4_AVC_BP, MPEG-4, Advanced Video Coding, Baseline Profile
  • MPEG-4_AVC_EP, MPEG-4, Advanced Video Coding, Extended Profile
  • MPEG-4_AVC_MP, MPEG-4, Advanced Video Coding, Main Profile
  • MPEG-4_AVC_HP, MPEG-4, Advanced Video Coding, High Profile
  • MPEG-4_AVC_H10P, MPEG-4, Advanced Video Coding, High 10 Profile
  • MPEG-4_AVC_H422P, MPEG-4, Advanced Video Coding, High 4:2:2 Profile
  • MPEG-4_AVC_H444P, MPEG-4, Advanced Video Coding, High 4:4:4 Profile
  • MPEG-4_AVC_EXT, MPEG-4, Advanced Video Coding, Non-FRExt Extensions
  • MPEG-4 Audio Encodings
  • AAC_MP4, Advanced Audio Coding, MPEG-4
  • AAC_MP4_LC, AAC (MPEG-4) Low Complexity Object
  • MPEG-4 File Formats
  • MP4_FF_1, MPEG-4 File Format, Version 1
  • MP4_FF_2, MPEG-4 File Format, Version 2
  • MP4_FF_AVCE, MPEG-4 File Format for AVC (Extensions; Part 15)
  • MPEG-4 File Formats with Encoded Bitstreams
  • MP4_FF_2_V, MPEG-4 File Format, Version 2, with Visual Coding
  • MP4_FF_2_AVC, MPEG-4 File Format, Version 2, with Advanced Video Coding
  • MP4_FF_2_AVC_BP, MPEG-4 File Format, V.2, with AVC, Baseline Profile
  • MP4_FF_2_AVC_MP, MPEG-4 File Format, V.2, with AVC, Main Profile
  • MP4_FF_2_AVC_EP, MPEG-4 File Format, V.2, with AVC, Extended Profile
  • MP4_FF_2_AVC_HP, MPEG-4 File Format, V.2, with AVC, High Profile
  • MP4_FF_2_AVC_H10P, MPEG-4 File Format, V.2, with AVC, High 10 Profile
  • MP4_FF_2_AVC_H422P, MPEG-4 File Format, V.2, with AVC, High 4:2:2 Profile
  • MP4_FF_2_AVC_H444P, MPEG-4 File Format, V.2, with AVC, High 4:4:4 Profile
  • MP4_FF_2_AAC, MPEG-4 File Format, V.2, with Advanced Audio Coding
  • MP4_FF_AVCE_AVCE, MPEG-4 File Format for AVC (Ext), with Non-FRExt Extended AVC Coding
  • MPEG-4 Textual Format
  • MP4_XMT, MPEG-4 eXtensible MPEG-4 Textual Format (XMT)
  • MrSID
  • MrSID_MG2, MrSID Image Format, Generation 2
  • MrSID_MG3, MrSID Image Format, Generation 3
  • µ-Law (Mu-Law)
  • µ-Law, µ-Law (Mu-Law) Compressed Sound Format
  • MRW
  • MRW included in CAM_RAW, Camera Raw Formats (Group Description)
  • MSG
  • MSG, Microsoft Outlook Item
  • MusicXML
  • MusicXML_3, MusicXML, Version 3
  • MXF
  • MXF, Material Exchange Format (MXF)
  • MXF_GC, MXF Format Generic Container
  • MXF_GC_UNC, MXF Format Generic Container Mapped to Uncompressed Images
  • MXF_GC_UNC_V210, MXF Format Generic Container with Uncompressed Video Essence V210
  • MXF_GC_UNC_UYVY, MXF Format Generic Container with Uncompressed Video Essence UYVY (2vuy)
  • MXF_GC_UNC_YUY2, MXF Format Generic Container with Uncompressed Video Essence YUY2 (yuv2)
  • MXF_OP-Atom, MXF Operational Pattern Atom (OP-Atom)
  • MXF_OP1a, MXF Operational Pattern 1a (OP1a)

N

  • NCBI/NLM
  • NCBIArch_1, NCBI/NLM Journal Archiving and Interchange DTD, version 1
  • NEF
  • NEF included in CAM_RAW, Camera Raw Formats (Group Description)
  • NetCDF
  • NetCDF-3, Network Common Data Form, version 3
  • NetCDF-4, Network Common Data Form, Version 4
  • NetCDF-4C, Network Common Data Form, Version 4, Classic Model
  • NewsML_1
  • NewsML_1, NewsML (News Markup Language), version 1
  • NITF
  • NITF, News Industry Text Format
  • NLAPS
  • NLAPS, NLAPS Data Format (NDF)

O

  • OEBPS
  • OEBPS_1_0, Open eBook Forum Publication Structure 1.0.1
  • OEBPS_1_2, Open eBook Forum Publication Structure 1.2
  • Ogg
  • Ogg, Ogg File Format
  • Ogg_Vorbis, Ogg Vorbis Audio Format
  • Ogg_FLAC_1_0, Ogg FLAC Audio Format, Version 1.0
  • Ogg_SPX, Ogg Speex Audio Format
  • OPC
  • OPC/OOXML_2012, Open Packaging Conventions (Office Open XML), ISO 29500-2:2008-2012
  • ORF
  • ORF included in CAM_RAW, Camera Raw Formats (Group Description)

P

  • PCM
  • PCM, Pulse Code Modulated Audio
  • PDF
  • PDF, Portable Document Format
  • PDF_1_3, PDF, Versions 1.0-1.3
  • PDF_1_4, PDF, Version 1.4
  • PDF_1_5, PDF, Version 1.5
  • PDF_1_6, PDF, Version 1.6
  • PDF_1_7, PDF, Version 1.7, (ISO 32000-1)
  • PDF_1_7_ext03, PDF, Version 1.7, ExtensionLevel 3
  • PDF, Geospatial Encoding , PDF Version 1.7, ExtensionLevel 3
  • PDF_1_7_ext05, PDF, Version 1.7, ExtensionLevel 5
  • PDF/A, PDF for Long-term Preservation
  • PDF/A-1, PDF for Long-term Preservation, Use of PDF 1.4
  • PDF/A-1a, PDF for Long-term Preservation, Use of PDF 1.4, Level A Conformance
  • PDF/A-1b, PDF for Long-term Preservation, Use of PDF 1.4, Level B Conformance
  • PDF/A-2, PDF for Long-term Preservation, Use of ISO 32000-1 (PDF 1.7)
  • PDF/A-2a, PDF for Long-term Preservation, Use of ISO 32000-1 (PDF 1.7), Level A Conformance
  • PDF/A-2u, PDF for Long-term Preservation, Use of ISO 32000-1 (PDF 1.7), Level U Conformance
  • PDF/A-2b, PDF for Long-term Preservation, Use of ISO 32000-1 (PDF 1.7), Level B Conformance
  • PDF/A-3, PDF for Long-term Preservation, Use of ISO 32000-1 , With Embedded Files
  • PDF/UA-1, PDF Enhancement for Accessibility, Use of ISO 32000-1 (PDF 1.7)
  • PDF/X, PDF for Prepress Graphics File Interchange
  • Also GeoPDF_2_2, GeoPDF (TerraGo) Encoding, Version 2.2
  • PEF
  • PEF included in CAM_RAW, Camera Raw Formats (Group Description)
  • PNG
  • PNG, Portable Network Graphics
  • PST
  • PST_ANSI, Microsoft Outlook 97-2002 Personal Folders File (ANSI)
  • PST_Unicode, Microsoft Outlook 2003 Personal Folders File (Unicode)

Q

  • QuickTime
  • QuickTime, QuickTime File Format
  • QTA_MP3, QuickTime Audio, MP3 Codec
  • QTA_AAC, QuickTime Audio, AAC Codec
  • QTV_Apple, QuickTime Video, Apple Codec
  • QTV_Cinepak, QuickTime Video, Cinepak Codec
  • QTV_Sorenson, QuickTime Video, Sorenson Codec
  • QTV_MJPEG, QuickTime Video, Motion JPEG Codec
  • QTV_MPEG, QuickTime Video, MPEG-1 Codec
  • QTV_V210, QuickTime File Format with V210 Video Encoding
  • QTV_UYVY, QuickTime File Format with UYVY (2vuy) Video Encoding
  • QTV_YUY2, QuickTime File Format with YUY2 (yuv2) Video Encoding

R

S

  • SDTS
  • SDTS, Spatial Data Transfer Standard (SDTS)
  • SDTS_TVP, Spatial Data Transfer Standard - Topological Vector Profile
  • SHN
  • SHN, Shorten Lossless Audio Format
  • Sorenson
  • Sorenson_3, Version 3 (video codec)
  • SMF MIDI
  • SMF, Standard MIDI File Format
  • SPIFF
  • SPIFF, Still Picture Interchange Format
  • SPX
  • SPX_1_2, Speex Audio Codec, Version 1.2
  • SRF
  • SRF included in CAM_RAW, Camera Raw Formats (Group Description)
  • SVG
  • SVG_1_1, Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG), Version 1.1
  • SWF
  • SWF_7, Macromedia Flash SWF File Format, Version 7
  • SWF_8, Macromedia Flash SWF File Format, Version 8

T

  • TGA
  • TGA_1, Truevision TGA, version 1.0
  • TGA_2, Truevision TGA, version 2.0
  • TIFF
  • TIFF_6, Revision 6.0
  • TIFF_G4, TIFF Bitmap with Group 4 Compression
  • TIFF_LZW, TIFF Bitmap with LZW Compression
  • TIFF_PYR, TIFF, Pyramid
  • TIFF_UNC, TIFF Uncompressed Bitmap
  • TIFF_UNC_EXIF, TIFF Uncompressed File with Exif Metadata
  • TIFF/IT, TIFF/IT, for Image Technology (Prepress). (ISO 12369)
  • TIFF/EP_1, TIFF/EP, for Electronic Photography (ISO 12334-2:2001)
  • BigTIFF, BigTIFF
  • DRG_as_TIFF, Digital Raster Graphic as TIFF
  • GeoTIFF, GeoTIFF Revision 1.0

U

  • Uncompressed video encodings
  • Vid_Unc_Pix, Uncompressed YCbCr Video Picture Stream Family
  • Vid_Unc_Pix_422, Uncompressed YCbCr Video Picture Stream (4:2:2)
  • V210, V210 Video Picture Encoding
  • UYVY, UYVY Video Picture Encoding
  • YUY2, YUY2 Video Picture Encoding
  • UYVY
  • UYVY, UYVY Video Picture Encoding

V

  • V210
  • V210, V210 Video Picture Encoding
  • VC-1
  • VC-1 video codec, see WMV9, Windows Media 9 Video Codec
  • Vorbis
  • Vorbis, Vorbis Audio Codec
  • VPF
  • VPF, Vector Product Format

W

  • WARC
  • WARC, Web ARChive file format
  • WAVE
  • WAVE, WAVE Audio File Format
  • WAVE_LPCM, WAVE Audio File Format with LPCM Audio
  • WAVE_BWF_1, Broadcast WAVE Audio File Format, Version 1
  • WAVE_BWF_2, Broadcast WAVE Audio File Format, Version 2
  • WAVE_BWF_LPCM_1, Broadcast WAVE Audio File Format, Version 1, with LPCM Audio
  • WAVE_BWF_LPCM_2, Broadcast WAVE Audio File Format, Version 2, with LPCM Audio
  • WM (Windows Media)
  • WMA, Windows Media Audio
  • WMA_WMA9, Windows Media Audio File with WMA9 Codec
  • WMA_WMA9_PRO, Windows Media Audio File with WMA9 Professional Codec
  • WMA_WMA9_LL, Windows Media Audio File with WMA9 Lossless Codec
  • WMA9, Windows Media 9 Audio Codec
  • WMA9_PRO, Windows Media 9 Professional Audio Codec
  • WMA9_LL, Windows Media 9 Lossless Audio Codec
  • WMP, Windows Media Photo, Version 1.0, see WMP_1_0, HD Photo, Version 1.0
  • WMV, Windows Media Video
  • WMV_WMV9, Windows Media Video with WMV9 Codec
  • WMV_WMV9_PRO, Windows Media Video with WMV9 Professional Codec
  • WMV9, Windows Media 9 Video Codec; SMPTE VC-1
  • WMV9_PRO, Windows Media 9 Professional Video Codec

X

  • X3F
  • X3F included in CAM_RAW, Camera Raw Formats (Group Description)
  • XMF
  • XMF_1_0, XMF, eXtensible Music File Format, Version 1.0
  • XML
  • XML, XML (Extensible Markup Language)
  • XML_1_0, XML (Extensible Markup Language) 1.0
  • XML_1_1, XML (Extensible Markup Language) 1.1
  • XML_DTD, XML Document Type Definition (DTD)
  • XML_Schema_1_0, W3C XML Schema Language 1.0

Y

  • YUY2
  • YUY2, YUY2 Video Picture Encoding

Z

  • ZIP
  • ZIP_PK, ZIP file format (PKWARE)
  • ZIP_6_2_0, ZIP file format, Version 6.2.0 (PKWARE)
  • ZIP_6_3_3, ZIP file format, Version 6.3.3 (PKWARE)
  • ZIP_21320_1, Document Container File: Core (based on ZIP 6.3.3)

These descriptions provide information about file formats, file-format classes, bitstream structures and encodings, and the mechanisms used to compress files or bitstreams. Inclusion of a format does not imply that it is preferred or acceptable for Library of Congress collections. Conversely, omission of a format from the list does not imply that it is not preferred or acceptable. Descriptions will be drafted and added over time. Persons with specialized knowledge are encouraged to review and comment on the descriptions using this contact form.
Last updated: 04/ 4/2014